Example of Hortatory exposition text

Sosial function of Exposition Hortatory
  • To persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case
  • The reader or listener is persuaded to agree with the writer’s or speaker’s point of view/thesis
  • Examples: letters to the editor, newspaper editorials, political speeches
Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition
• Thesis
- announcement of issue concern
- reasons why there is concern leading to recommendation
- statement of what ought or ought not to happen
Language Feature of Hortatory Exposition
 Focusing on the writer
 Using abstract noun; policy, advantage, etc
 Using action verb
 Using thinking verb
 Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
 Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, etc
 Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
 Using passive voice
 Using simple present tense

Removing Lead from Petrol
In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.
While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see the another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.
Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that, in the country, there is no public transport to fall back upon and one’s own vehicle is the only way to get about.
I feel that the country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.
Generic Structure Analysis
 Thesis; paragraph 1
 Arguments 1; paragraph 2
 Argument 2; paragraph 3
 Recommendation; paragraph 4
Language Feature Analysis
 Focusing on the writer: using the first personal pronoun “I”
 Using abstract noun; discussion
 Using action verb: treat,
 Using thinking verb; think, seem
 Using passive voice; should be treated differently
 Using simple present tense; there doesn’t seem…, there is no public transport.., etc
Some difficult words:
Petrol = gasoline
Penalize = menghukum/ memidanakan
Elder = pengurus
By : Anggit Palupi Utomo (UMK)

Contoh yang lain